It is time for something that has never been done before on this blog; a comprehensive study of the Old Testament. This will be cover to cover -
3) Biblical Ethics For the Modern World.
5) Where Orthodox Judaism gets it right and where Orthodox Judaism gets it wrong.
6) Where Liberal Judaism gets it right and where Liberal Judaism gets it wrong.
7) My own personal insights & speculations.
8) Perhaps, other people's personal insights and speculations.
This will be from the perspective of a divinely guided big bang and evolution; not from a young earth perspective.
Once in a while I will throw in a NT reference when it commentates on an OT passage. This will not be a forum for me to try to "prove" Christianity. When we get to the prophecies, I will give both the Jewish and Christian opinions of them in a nonbiased manner.
This is not a forum for Judaism/Christianity debate. Posts to that effect is subject to almost automatic deletion without notice. If a NT reference is irrelevant to you, simply focus on what is relevant to you. Disagreeing with NT references that I mention is allowed of course. Also, the books of Tobit, and 1 and 2 Macabees are not apart of the Jewish canon so the 3 books will not be covered.
I will be using the KJV, but I will point out where Jewish translations differ.
And now we begin of course, with Genesis 1:1-2, where we can do a wealth of commentary.
בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית בָּרָ֣א אֱלֹהִ֑ים אֵ֥ת הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם וְאֵ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ׃
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
וְהָאָ֗רֶץ הָיְתָ֥ה תֹ֙הוּ֙ וָבֹ֔הוּ וְחֹ֖שֶׁךְ עַל־ פְּנֵ֣י תְהֹ֑ום וְר֣וּחַ אֱלֹהִ֔ים מְרַחֶ֖פֶת עַל־ פְּנֵ֥י הַמָּֽיִם׃
And the Earth was without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
Apologists have in the past made this legitimate point, that the Bible makes the definitive statement that the universe has a beginning; something confirmed only by twentieth century science via the big bang, of which two major proofs are the expanding universe and background radiation in space indicative of an explosion.
The problem with Young Earth Creationism is that the creation narrative is simply not as specific as young earthers suggest. There is no command to believe that the 6 days are twenty four hour Earth days. There is no command to believe in a universe that is less than 10,000 years old. Hence, in the past, both Judaism and Christianity has had Old Earth traditions; Judaism within Kaballah, and Christianity within the streams of thought called Gap Creationism and Day-Age creationism. Gap creationism posits literal 24 hour Earth days but an undefined amount of time between Genesis 1:1 and Gen. 1:2, and Day-Age Creationism posits an undefined amount of time for the days of creation.
Since I accept both the big bang and evolution as being the divinely guided method of creation, I lean towards Day-Age creationism.
On an interesting note, the first two letters בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית (In the beginning) is בר which means mustard seed. It would almost seem like the Bible is telling us that that the story of creation started with something small as a tiny little seed! Where have we heard that before? O.O It gets better when you consider that אש means fire. Perhaps ית can be taken as a diminutive of אש.
But, (I know not to start sentences with but, but in this case I'm breaking the rule. Sue me.) does the Bible really allude to a big bang?
Isaiah 40:22 says, "It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:" It would appear that Isaiah discovered the expanding universe before Edwin Hubble!? That stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain? The heavens get spread out? O.O We've definitely heard that before, from 20th century science.
It gets better, Isaiah 42:5 is, "Thus saith God the LORD he that created the heavens and stretched them out he that spread forth the earth and that which cometh out of it he that giveth breath unto the people upon it and spirit to them that walk therein."
Also note Jeremiah 10:12, "He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heavens by his discretion."
Job 9:8- "Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea."
Psalm 104:2- "Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who strechest out the heavens like a curtain:"
It would appear that the Bible and science has more in common than young earthers and hardline atheists realize.
I want to make a sidepoint about the cosmological argument. Hardline atheists tend to make fun of it without understanding (perhaps on purpose) that the whole point of it is to take away the infinite regress.
Now here are two questions for speculation.
First is, is God, and the Spirit of God separate entities?
Second is, is darkness per se a creation? It would seem to me that darkness is the same thing as empty space and hence not a separate creation.
Now, I would like to put in a NT reference for speculation, "John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." Is God the same entity as his laws?
Feel free to post your thoughts on any part of this post. Ad hominems of any kind are subject to automatic deletion, an offender will still be able to repost without ad hominems.